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Biomass to Biofuel

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Biomass to BioFuel Plant

BioDiesel is a Renewable Fuel Substitute that can be made by chemically combining any Natural Oil or Fat with an Alcohol such as Methanol or Ethanol.

Esterification

A Chemical Process by which Crude Oil gets convert to a Chemical compound having same properties like Conventional Diesel. It uses NAOH or KOH as a catalyst. It produces Glycerol as Byproduct.

It can be used in place of petroleum diesel fuel for vehicles or heating oil for buildings. Unlike petroleum diesel, biodiesel is a renewable resource, and it creates less pollution than Petroleum Diesel. It can be used alone or in combination with petroleum diesel, or with heating oil. Generally, no expensive modifications to the engines are required.
This makes it easier to integrate biodiesel into current systems than other alternative energy sources, which often require new equipment.

Advantages of Biodiesel as Fuel

  • 75% cleaner than conventional diesel fuel.
  • Reduces unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and particulate matter in exhaust fumes.
  • Contains no sulphur.
  • Emissions are nearly 50% less than conventional diesel fuel.
  • Doesn’t cause eye irritation
  • More biodegradable than sugar and less toxic than table salt.
  • Fuel economy is the same as conventional diesel fuel.
  • Much better lubricant than conventional diesel fuel and extends engine life
  • High cetane rating, which improves engine performance.
  • 1% biodiesel will increase lubricity by 65%
  • Biodiesel can be produced from any fat or vegetable oil, including waste cooking oil.

How to make Biodiesel?

Biodiesel fuel is made from oils or fats, which are both hydrocarbons. These hydrocarbons are filtered and then mixed with an alcohol, which is usually methanol, and a catalyst (sodium or potassium hydroxide). The major products of this reaction are the
biodiesel fuel, which is an ester, and glycerol, which has commercial uses, such as in cosmetics.

Strength :

Biodiesel fuel is a renewable energy source that can be made from TBO’s i.e. Tree Born Oil Seeds or from cooking oils recycled from restaurants. This means it is a renewable resource unlike petroleum-based diesel.

Biodiesel is less polluting than petroleum diesel. Compared to petroleum diesel, biodiesel produces less soot (particulate matter), carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons, and sulfur dioxide.

The absence of Sulfur in 100% biodiesel should extend the life of catalytic converters.

Biodiesel fuel can also be used in combination with heating oil to heat residential and industrial buildings. This can reduce dependence on non-renewable and increasingly expensive heating oil.

Biodiesel fuel can generally be used in existing oil heating systems and diesel engines without modification, and it can be distributed through existing diesel fuel pumps. This is an advantage over other alternative fuels, which can be expensive to use initially due to
high cost of equipment modifications or new purchases. Biodiesel provides almost the same energy per gallon as petroleum diesel.

The lubricating effects of the biodiesel will extend the lifetime of engines.

Please Read National Biofuel Policy By Govt of India.